Modern Agricultural Science and Technology Machine

Modern agricultural technology: more efficiency in agriculture

The "International Green Week" traditionally takes place in Berlin every January. It is a trade fair event on the subjects of nutrition, agriculture and horticulture. Here, experts and anyone interested in general can find out about trends in the agricultural sector and new agricultural products from manufacturers all over the world. The very latest technical developments can also be admired. Because agriculture has long ceased to be without modern agricultural technology. 

It is not the dumbest farmer who harvests the thickest potatoes, but the one who is ahead in the technical arms race. Billions of people can no longer be fed using conventional methods. In addition, too much water, pesticides and fertilizers are wasted. According to analyzes by Deutsche Bank Research, farmers and ranchers cause up to fourteen percent of the harmful greenhouse gas CO2. Contrary to traditional field work - a man, two arms and a basket - they are now relying on automated working methods .

Modern agricultural technology for more efficient use of fertilizers

Not only the military, but also agriculture now uses drones . These small unmanned aerial vehicles take pictures of the plants in the field. This enables the farmer to determine where to fertilize more or where to use pesticides. This allows him to take action against germs and pests in a more targeted manner. Dr. Theo W. Freye, managing director of the agricultural machinery manufacturer Claas, points out another advantage of drones. Before the harvest, a drone with an infrared camera can fly over the field and track down fawns. This also makes the farmer a game saver.

Claas is the European market leader for combine harvesters and the world market leader for forage harvesters. The machines are designed in such a way that they can, for example, store how much they have harvested. In addition, they constantly and independently measure the temperature and humidity of the harvested crop. This data is then sent directly to the farmer's computer.

A robot as a field worker ? This is another step towards automated agriculture. As the robot drives across the field, it scans the plants. He sends this data to a computer. The computer uses an algorithm to determine which plants are weeds. If a weed is identified, the robot can eradicate it, for example by using a targeted laser or mechanical pounding. This could significantly reduce the use of weed killers. 

Networked machines

Without question, modern agricultural technology is changing agriculture and the job description of the farmer. In the future, they may no longer control a tractor themselves, but rather using networked machines cultivate their fields . Thomas Engel, group leader for intelligent solutions at the agricultural machinery manufacturer John Deere, predicts that electronics will displace hydraulics and mechanics and that the machines will communicate more with one another.

In his view, agriculture is one step ahead of the automotive industry. In addition to the reducing workload for the farmer, there is also customer benefit through efficiency growth caused by automated systems. In contrast, a self-driving car is only an advantage for the driver. But despite all progress, the farmer still has to rely on another tool - his experience. Because as Konrad Adenauer once said: "Experiences are like the seeds from which wisdom grows." 






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