The Management of Illegal Immigration Also Passes Through the Blockchain

Not just cryptocurrencies: the management of illegal immigration also passes through the blockchain

One of the main problems deriving from the migratory phenomenon consists of the considerable difficulties that destination States and humanitarian organizations encounter in managing the identities of migrants, often without identification documents because they have been lost or destroyed during conflicts or during the course of migration. , or because the same institutions that hold the reference data registers are no longer operational in the country of origin. Several international experiences are using blockchain technology to stem the impact and consequences of this widespread problem. 

" I don't know you, I don't know who you are ", says one of the most intense Italian sung poems of the last century, but the problem of not being able to identify the identity of the migrants represents a much less pleasant leitmotiv in refugee camps or centers reception scattered around the world: whoever has no name and surname, who does not have a certain origin, who cannot prove his age is in fact an invisible person, with all the negative consequences that this entails in situations, often on the verge of hygienic-sanitary condition, in which any form of identification is necessary to access economic aid, health care, food, or to be correctly directed towards specific forms of protection (think of war refugees, compared to economic migrants) . 

In this regard, the WFP - World Food Program, with the support of the United Nations, launched the project Building Blocks through which, in the Jordan region, a campaign for the identification of refugees based on blockchain technology and biometrics was launched: with a scan of the iris, in Zaatari - the largest reception center for Syrian refugees, 80,000 people - it has become possible not only to provide each of the residents with a completely substitute and unique digital ID to certify and authorize their movements in and out leaving the camp, thus limiting the infiltration of exponents of terrorist movements, but also managing and improving the food support provided to the population. In fact, together with the digital ID, each guest of the camp has a virtual wallet ( 107,000 beneficiaries of an economic transfer as part of the Building Blocks project amount to) through which it is possible to pay for purchases at supermarkets affiliated with a simple blink of an eye (this is the Iris Guard's “eye - pay” system ), at the same time drastically reducing - thanks to the Ethereum virtual minting network - the costs of taxation and banking transactions which humanitarian funds normally suffer, to the benefit of those precarious economies. 

Much further north, in Finland, the same problem of denied migratory identity is answered with the Moni system , that is the combination of prepaid card, digital identity and blockchain on the public network, thanks to which the Finnish immigration service is able to financially support and monitor the consistency of the purchasing choices of beneficiary migrants, all with "zero bureaucracy", as the card is a payment instrument but, above all, an identification document uniquely linked to the corresponding digital identity registered on the blockchain.

Finally, the project a proper mention Bitnation deserves which, although not intended for a specific territorial application, constitutes an interesting experiment of "voluntary nation" ( Decentralized Borderless Voluntary Nation - DBVN) , based on the Ethereum blockchain and whose goal is that of providing members with a digital accreditation and recognition system, unique and therefore exportable, independent from the traditional registry structures of nation states and capable of recording vital information such as birth certificates, marriage certificates or health data. To date, there are more than 10,000 active members, and the Bitnation Refugees Emergency Response (BRER) system - which provides a blockchain ID to refugees or stateless people and which is one of the first attempts at global citizenship - has also been awarded by UNESCO. 




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